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/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */
#include <dirent.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "util.h"

typedef struct {
	char *name;
	mode_t mode, tmode;
	nlink_t nlink;
	uid_t uid;
	gid_t gid;
	off_t size;
	time_t mtime;
	ino_t ino;
} Entry;

static int entcmp(const void *, const void *);
static void ls(Entry *);
static void lsdir(const char *);
static void mkent(Entry *, char *, int, int);
static void output(Entry *);

static int aflag = 0;
static int dflag = 0;
static int Fflag = 0;
static int Hflag = 0;
static int hflag = 0;
static int iflag = 0;
static int Lflag = 0;
static int lflag = 0;
static int rflag = 0;
static int tflag = 0;
static int Uflag = 0;
static int first = 1;
static int many;

static void
usage(void)
{
	eprintf("usage: %s [-1adFhilrtU] [FILE...]\n", argv0);
}

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	int i;
	Entry *ents;

	ARGBEGIN {
	case '1':
		/* ignore */
		break;
	case 'a':
		aflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'd':
		dflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'F':
		Fflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'H':
		Hflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'h':
		hflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'i':
		iflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'L':
		Lflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'l':
		lflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'r':
		rflag = 1;
		break;
	case 't':
		tflag = 1;
		break;
	case 'U':
		Uflag = 1;
		break;
	default:
		usage();
	} ARGEND;

	many = (argc > 1);
	if (argc == 0)
		*--argv = ".", argc++;

	ents = emalloc(argc * sizeof(*ents));

	for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
		mkent(&ents[i], argv[i], 1, Hflag || Lflag);
	qsort(ents, argc, sizeof *ents, entcmp);
	for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
		ls(&ents[rflag ? argc-i-1 : i]);

	return 0;
}

static int
entcmp(const void *va, const void *vb)
{
	const Entry *a = va, *b = vb;

	if (tflag)
		return b->mtime - a->mtime;
	else
		return strcmp(a->name, b->name);
}

static void
ls(Entry *ent)
{
	if ((S_ISDIR(ent->mode) || (S_ISLNK(ent->mode) && S_ISDIR(ent->tmode) && !Fflag && !lflag)) && !dflag) {
		lsdir(ent->name);
	} else {
		output(ent);
	}
}

static void
lsdir(const char *path)
{
	char *cwd, *p;
	long i, n = 0;
	struct dirent *d;
	DIR *dp;
	Entry ent, *ents = NULL;
	size_t sz;

	cwd = agetcwd();
	if (!(dp = opendir(path)))
		eprintf("opendir %s:", path);
	if (chdir(path) < 0)
		eprintf("chdir %s:", path);

	if (many) {
		if (!first)
			putchar('\n');
		printf("%s:\n", path);
		first = 0;
	}

	while ((d = readdir(dp))) {
		if (d->d_name[0] == '.' && !aflag)
			continue;
		if (Uflag){
			mkent(&ent, d->d_name, Fflag || lflag || iflag, Lflag);
			output(&ent);
		} else {
			ents = erealloc(ents, ++n * sizeof *ents);
			p = emalloc((sz = strlen(d->d_name)+1));
			memcpy(p, d->d_name, sz);
			mkent(&ents[n-1], p, tflag || Fflag || lflag || iflag, Lflag);
		}
	}
	closedir(dp);
	if (!Uflag){
		qsort(ents, n, sizeof *ents, entcmp);
		for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
			output(&ents[rflag ? n-i-1 : i]);
			free(ents[rflag ? n-i-1 : i].name);
		}
	}
	if (chdir(cwd) < 0)
		eprintf("chdir %s:", cwd);
	free(ents);
	free(cwd);
}

static void
mkent(Entry *ent, char *path, int dostat, int follow)
{
	struct stat st;

	ent->name   = path;
	if (!dostat)
		return;
	if ((follow ? stat : lstat)(path, &st) < 0)
		eprintf("%s %s:", follow ? "stat" : "lstat", path);
	ent->mode   = st.st_mode;
	ent->nlink  = st.st_nlink;
	ent->uid    = st.st_uid;
	ent->gid    = st.st_gid;
	ent->size   = st.st_size;
	ent->mtime  = st.st_mtime;
	ent->ino    = st.st_ino;
	if (S_ISLNK(ent->mode))
		ent->tmode = stat(path, &st) == 0 ? st.st_mode : 0;
}

static char *
indicator(mode_t mode)
{
	if (!Fflag)
		return "";

	if (S_ISLNK(mode))
		return "@";
	else if (S_ISDIR(mode))
		return "/";
	else if (S_ISFIFO(mode))
		return "|";
	else if (S_ISSOCK(mode))
		return "=";
	else if (mode & S_IXUSR ||
		 mode & S_IXGRP ||
		 mode & S_IXOTH)
		return "*";
	else
		return "";
}

static void
output(Entry *ent)
{
	char buf[BUFSIZ], *fmt;
	char mode[] = "----------";
	ssize_t len;
	struct group *gr;
	struct passwd *pw;
	char pwname[_SC_LOGIN_NAME_MAX];
	char grname[_SC_LOGIN_NAME_MAX];

	if (iflag)
		printf("%lu ", (unsigned long)ent->ino);
	if (!lflag) {
		printf("%s%s\n", ent->name, indicator(ent->mode));
		return;
	}
	if (S_ISREG(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = '-';
	else if (S_ISBLK(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = 'b';
	else if (S_ISCHR(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = 'c';
	else if (S_ISDIR(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = 'd';
	else if (S_ISFIFO(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = 'p';
	else if (S_ISLNK(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = 'l';
	else if (S_ISSOCK(ent->mode))
		mode[0] = 's';
	else
		mode[0] = '?';

	if (ent->mode & S_IRUSR) mode[1] = 'r';
	if (ent->mode & S_IWUSR) mode[2] = 'w';
	if (ent->mode & S_IXUSR) mode[3] = 'x';
	if (ent->mode & S_IRGRP) mode[4] = 'r';
	if (ent->mode & S_IWGRP) mode[5] = 'w';
	if (ent->mode & S_IXGRP) mode[6] = 'x';
	if (ent->mode & S_IROTH) mode[7] = 'r';
	if (ent->mode & S_IWOTH) mode[8] = 'w';
	if (ent->mode & S_IXOTH) mode[9] = 'x';

	if (ent->mode & S_ISUID) mode[3] = (mode[3] == 'x') ? 's' : 'S';
	if (ent->mode & S_ISGID) mode[6] = (mode[6] == 'x') ? 's' : 'S';
	if (ent->mode & S_ISVTX) mode[9] = (mode[9] == 'x') ? 't' : 'T';

	errno = 0;
	pw = getpwuid(ent->uid);
	if (errno || !pw)
		snprintf(pwname, sizeof(pwname), "%d", ent->uid);
	else
		snprintf(pwname, sizeof(pwname), "%s", pw->pw_name);

	errno = 0;
	gr = getgrgid(ent->gid);
	if (errno || !gr)
		snprintf(grname, sizeof(grname), "%d", ent->gid);
	else
		snprintf(grname, sizeof(grname), "%s", gr->gr_name);

	if (time(NULL) > ent->mtime + (180*24*60*60)) /* 6 months ago? */
		fmt = "%b %d  %Y";
	else
		fmt = "%b %d %H:%M";

	strftime(buf, sizeof buf, fmt, localtime(&ent->mtime));
	printf("%s %4ld %-8.8s %-8.8s ", mode, (long)ent->nlink, pwname, grname);
	if (hflag)
		printf("%10s ", humansize((unsigned long)ent->size));
	else
		printf("%10lu ", (unsigned long)ent->size);
	printf("%s %s%s", buf, ent->name, indicator(ent->mode));
	if (S_ISLNK(ent->mode)) {
		if ((len = readlink(ent->name, buf, sizeof buf - 1)) < 0)
			eprintf("readlink %s:", ent->name);
		buf[len] = '\0';
		printf(" -> %s%s", buf, indicator(ent->tmode));
	}
	putchar('\n');
}